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Woodland Garden - List of plants


By bernard


WOODLAND GARDEN – List of plants – page 1

I have not attempted to specify the number of each plant, except to say that as a rule with some exceptions, such as Hostas, Magnolias, climbing plants and trees, planting is usually in groups of at least three and sometimes as many as 25 in the case of the Anenomes.
I have not identified the plants as wild or cultivated, although I could do so if anyone was interested.
Also preferred soil conditions and exposure preferences of the plants has not been included, but I would say that the soil condition is Neutral to Acid and in the main, shade tolerant plants have been used with exception of a few that prefer sunny conditions as small areas with moderate sun exposure have been created which will find favour with the few sun loving plants we have chosen.

Acanthus mollis (Bear’s Breeches)
Acer (Japanese Maple)
Achillea (Yarrow)
Ajuga (Bugle)
Alchemilla (Ladies Mantle)
Alliaria petiolata (Garlic Mustard)
Anemone nemorosa (Wood Anemone) blue and white varieties.
Anthriscus sylvestris (Cow Parsley)
Aquilegia vulgaris (Columbine)
Arum maculatum (Lords and Ladies)
Aucuba japonica maculatum (Spotted Laurel)
Berberis (Barberry)

Bergenia (Elephant’s Ears)
Brachyglottis (Senecio)
Brunnera (Perennial Forget-me-not)
Buddlleia (Butterfly Bush)
Calluna (Heather) Not doing very well.
Campanula rotundifolia (Harebell)
Campanula tracelium (Nettle-Leaved Bellflower)
Centaurea montana (Perennial Cornflower)
Chaenomeles speciosa (Flowering Quince)
Chionodoxa luciliae (Glory of the Snow)
8 varieties of Clematis, some trained to grow up trees and surrounding high yew hedges.
Conifers (existing)
Cornus (Dogwood)
Cyclamen. We have two varieties, one flowers in the spring and the other in the summer.
Cotoneaster. Used as hedging and ground cover.
Crocosmia (Montbretia) A very large existing group has been split up and spread around the garden and among unsuspecting neighbours.
Delphinium (Delphinium) A generous bird has made us a present of one of these and we have bought and planted more to keep it company.
Dicentra (Bleeding Heart)
Digitalis (Foxglove) Tons of these which are self-sown and spreading like wildfire. Will be easy to control once they become too numerous.
Eleagnus (Eleagnus)
Eranthis hyemalis. (Winter aconite) I love this as it appears in late winter, brings a patch of golden glow to the garden and then, having cheered us all up, slowly gives way to the Snowdrops, dies down and completely disappears. I was devastated the first time it disappeared as I had never seen it before and thought it had actually died and I would never see it again. However, I later discovered that it reappears punctually each year and also spreads rapidly and widely. As far as I’m concerned, it can do so to its heart’s content.
Erica carnea (Heather) Also not doing very well.
Euonymous fortunei (Evergreen Bittersweet)
Euphorbia (Spurge)
Dryopteris felix mas ‘Barnesii’
Asplenium scolopendrium (Hart’s Tongue Fern)
Dryopteris cycadina (Shaggy Shield Fern)
Polypodium vulgare (Common Polypody)
Dryopteris affinis crispa (Golden Shield Fern)
WOODLAND GARDEN – List of plants – page 2

Ferns continued
Dryopteris affinis cristata ‘The King’ (The King Fern)
Cyrtomium falcatum (Japanese Holly Fern)
Onoclea sensibilis (Sensitive Fern)
Cryptogramma crispa (Parsley Fern)
Adiantum pedatum (Five fingered Fern)
Miscanthus sinensis gracillimus (Maide fern also Chinese Silver Grass)
Polystiichum setiferum (Soft Shield Fern)
Dryopteris filix mas (Male Fern)
Blechnum chilense (Chilean Hard Fern)
Athyrium Branford Beauty (Silver Lady)
Athyrium nipponicum var pictum AGM (Japanese Painted Fern)
Forsythia (Golden Bells)
Fuschia – magellanica and Mrs Popple.
Galanthus nivalis (Snowdrop)
Genista (Broom)
Geranium (Cranesbill) Several varieties.
Grasses (Carex)
Ice Dance (Sedge)
Panicea (Carnation Sedge)
‘Milk Chocolate’
‘Aurea’ (Bowles Golden Sedge)
‘Pendula’ (Weeping Sedge)
Stipa gigantea ‘Golden Oats’
Hawthorn (Hawthorn)
Hedera (Ivy) There are some very nice variegated ones, colchica ’ Dentata variegata’ and helix ‘Goldheart’ that I have used to brighten up dark corners on the boundaries.
Helleborus (Christmas Rose/Lenten Rose) Several different vareities in groups.
Hemorocallis (Day Lily) In a sunny spot.
Heuchera (Coral Flower)
Holodiscus discolor (Ocean Spray)
Hosta (Plantain Lily) Five different varieties of this lovely plant which are thriving. There is no sign of slug/snail attack and we put this down to the dedicated efforts of several energetic Blackbirds and Thrushes who are continually rootling about in the leaf litter which we are careful not to clear away.
Hyacinthoides non-scripta (Bluebell) A large population which were already established in the wooded area and I have included a photo in my Photo section.
Hypericum calcynum (Rose of Sharon)
Ilex (Holly) Six different species, both male and female, so lots of lovely berries.
Iris (Iris) A big favourite of mine and we have several different varieties with different flowering times in spring and summer, including foetidissima (Stinking Gladwyn) which has a spectacular berry display in autumn and winter.
Jasminum (Jasmine) A couple of plants growing up through tall hedges on the boundaries.
Kerria japonica (Jew’s Mallow/ Easter Rose) A couple of plants growing up through tall hedges on the boundaries.
Kniphofia (Red Hot Poker) In sunny spots.
Lamiastrum galeobolon (Yellow Archangel)
Lamium maculatum (Dead-nettle)
Lamium purpureum (Red dead-nettle)
Leucothoe fontanesiana
Ligularia dentata ‘Britt Marie Crawford’ and stenocephala.
Linaria purpurea (Purple Toadflax)
Lonicera (Honeysuckle) Growing up through boundary hedges.
Lonicera nitida (Shrubby Honeysuckle)
Loropetalum chinense (Lloropetalum)
Lunaria (Honesty)
Lycopus europaeus (Gipsywort)
Magnolia soulangeana in a couple of sunny spots.
Malva sylvestris (Common Mallow)
WOODLAND GARDEN – List of plants – page 3

Matricaria maritima (Scentless Mayweed)
Meconopsis cambtrica (Welsh Poppy)
Myosotis (Forget-me-not)
Oenothera (Evening Primrose) We have one donated plant which we are nurturing in the hope that it will cast its seed to the wind and start an Evening Primrose colony.
Pentaglottis sempervirens (Green Alkanet)
Phormium tenax ‘Tricolor’ in a sunny spot.
Physalis (Chinese Lantern)
Physostegia (Obedient Plant)
Platycocon (Chinese Bellflower)
Potentilla (Cinquefoil and Shrubby Cinquefoil)
Primula veris (Cowslip)
Primula denticulata (Drumstick Primrose)
Primula – Gold-laced Group
Primula vulgaris (Primrose)
Pulmonaria officinalis and saccharata. Very attractive plants used as ground cover.
Ranunculus ficaria (Lesser Celandine)
Rhododendron. We have three in sunny spots. One was existing and therefore variety not known, two are new, planted close by – ‘Virginia Richards’ and ‘Horizon Monarch’. These need feeding with Miracid and mulching with ericaceous compost.
Rosa canina (Dog Rose). This is grown to scramble through a boundary hedge.
Rosa ‘Samaritan’ and Korresia’.
Rosmarinus (Rosemary). Several groups planted close to the path for the benefit of their scent when handled.
Rubus triocolour. Used as ground cover.
Ruscus aculeatus (Butcher’s Broom).
Scilla siberica (Siberian Squill)
Skimmia (Skimmia)
Solanium jasminoides (Potato Plant). Located to scramble through boundary hedges.
Solidago (Golden Rod)
Spirea bumalda (Goldflame)
Stachys byzantina (Lamb’s Ears)
Symphoricarpus (Snowberry)
Syringa (Lilac). One shrub in a sunny spot.
Tanacetum parthenium (Feverfew).
Taxus Baccata (Common Yew).
Tiarella (Foam Flower).
Trillium grandiflorum (Wake Robin)
Urtica dioica (Stinging Nettle) An area has been established in one corner of the garden for the benefit of wildlife.
Viola odorata (Violet). Several varieties with a range of colours.
Viburnum (existing and therefore unknown) and tinus (Laurustinus)
Vinca (Periwinkle). Two varieties – major and minor (used as ground cover)
Weigela (Weigela)
Ypsilandra thibetica.
Zantendeschica aethiopica (Arum Lily).

Apologies to any I have missed out!

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tell you what Bernard this gives me yet more plants to go after. I have some of these in my very shady garden but many of them I havent. fantastic. Do you have photos of them in your plant profle. Mind you I could just go and look :o)

21 Apr, 2010


Wow! Just a few then - no wonder your garden looks so great. This is really helpful. I have the RHS's A-Z which is my gardening bible so I can cross-refer but it is really good to have a starting point. I will be very interested in knowing what manages and what doesn't.

How many hours have you put in over the last few months and years?

21 Apr, 2010


What an informative list ....perfect for the GoYpedia section on shady plants.....Thank you!!

21 Apr, 2010


Seaburngirl, I love reading all your replies to queries from members. Some of the plants are in my photo section, but I have a lot of catching up to do when the new plants mature.
Sussexsarah, thanks for your reply and I love your smile. I dread to think how much time I have spent - for the first two years at least 100 hours were spent on hands and knees clearing out all the dreadful weeds that had invaded during the years of neglect before we bought the property. I had to be so careful, because many of the things I encountered were new to me and I didn't know whether they were friends or foes. GoY members were of enormous value to me in identifying them for me. Now that the situation has been brought reasonably well under control, I will be spending most of my time looking after and enjoying it. I hope to keep the list up-to-date with amendments and comments, so keep your eyes open. I've asked Peter how I can best go about achieving this and will have to date each amendment.
Amblealice, nice to think the list will be of value to you, but beware, not all the plants listed are shade lovers.

21 Apr, 2010


That list must have taken hours - thanks for posting it! Very interesting.

21 Apr, 2010


I know what you mean Bernard about 'Friend or Foe'. I inherited a modest garden , small by many members standards, that had only had the grass cut for over 15rs. It was interesting to see what was there. I dread to think what I might have weeded out by mistake. There are some nice shrubs but lilac over 20 ft tall !. the telephone company wouldnt/couldnt install a line until we cut at least 6ft off it. I am slowly getting it the way I wanted it but until 2 yrs ago it was more a garden for the children.

I love the unusual, but also some of the common plants too.

I'll be interested to see if Peter & Ajay come up with ideas for you.

21 Apr, 2010


Oops....hope members will note that not all those planmts listed will be shade have been warned! some research.....

21 Apr, 2010


What - on every one, Alice? LOL. You're the editor - YOU do it! LOL.'ll take you HOURS!! ;-)) See you next week, maybe.

21 Apr, 2010


Whoooo.....meeeee......on your xx

21 Apr, 2010


If it would be useful, I could add an abbreviation to each plant name giving its preferences re sun/shade and also the type of soil preferred, but I wondered if people would prefer to do their own research. Let me know what you think.

22 Apr, 2010


If you have the time and inclination Bernard....that would be very useful. Thank you.....:-)

22 Apr, 2010


Amblealice, I have pondered long and hard on a way to insert an abbreviation into the list of plants that would indicate sun/shade lovers and I think it's beaten me. One thing it has taught me, as a beginner, is that plant requirements are complex, varying between sun, partial shade and full shade, some plants preferring different combinations of the three or just one. I am also aware, having heard it from several experienced gardeners, that no matter what the books say, plants can always surprise us by thriving in an environment that we are told they couldn't tolerate. Indeed, studying different books, even the pundits differ in their opinions and so poor little me feels disinclined to put his head above the parapet. Sorry.

25 Apr, 2010


Don't be sorry Bernard....just thank you very much for considering it. Its true that plants can surprise us by thriving in places where they shouldn't!!.....If everyone looked around for information on where a desired plant would like to "sit".....its amazing what you can learn....onwards and upwards!!....:-)

25 Apr, 2010


Thank you so much for the list, Bernard! A woodland garden, or at least one with that feel, is my dream - but the subject is vey rarely covered in "normal" gardening books - one I have devotes one whole page to it, sigh.

I'm going to be coming back to this page a few times in the near future. Don't worry about not givng details - lol those who are interested enough will investigate for themselves,no matter how much detail you give!

1 Jun, 2011


I'm glad you said that Fran....I just don't have time to re-edit this comprehensive you say.....anyone who is interested enough........:-))

3 Jun, 2011

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